Neurofeedback Types (part one)
Since neurofeedback discovery in the 1970s, the technique has not stopped evolving. Find out the 10 neurofeedback types that you can find in the market today to help your patients.
#1 Traditional Neurofeedback
Traditional neurofeedback has used protocols where 1 or 2 electrodes were placed over the areas of the brain that (intuitively or based on the available research) were thought to be more likely associated with the patient’s problems. This is because it was found that ADD/ADHD was often associated with an excess of theta activity and a deficit in beta activity along the midline. Over time it was shown that a specific symptom can not be associated with a single EEG pattern.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? A full package with amplifier, sensors, software, personal computer, 1 extra monitor.
#2 qEEG-Guided Neurofeedback
A previous Quantitative Electro Encephalogram will allow you to individualize your patient’s neurofeedback treatment, based on the objective data. This eliminates guesswork about your patient’s brain activity pattern. But acquiring enough professional skills to analyze the data requires specific training and years of practice.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? You will have to add an specific, 19-channels amplifier & software, electrodes and caps of various sizes.
#3 Live Z-score Neurofeedback
Live Z-score Neurofeedback is a more recent methodology. It uses 2, 4 or 19 electrodes. With this type of neurofeedback the electrical brain activity is compared in real time with a scientifically developed normative database. It aims to “normalize” your patient‘s brain activity to make it more functional.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? In general, you would need to add a specific software into your neurofeedback equipment. If you want to use 19 electrodes, you will need to buy an amplifier that can handle this.
#4 LORETA Neurofeedback
LOw Resolution Electromagnetic TomogrAphy is a type of qEEG analysis that allows to estimate the locations of the underlying brain generators of your patient’s EEG activity. It represents the most recent advance in the field of Neurofeedback. Usually combined with Z-score, LORETA Neurofeedback allows feedback of multiple variables (amplitude, coherence, asymmetry, phase) and multiple subcortical structures simultaneously. It proposes to reduce the overall number of sessions and to be effective in more challenging cases, although it will demand extra effort for you and your patient.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? You probably can use your qEEG recording equipment: a 19-channel amplifier, some caps, a set of electrodes, gels. You will also need to purchase Brain Avatar software.
The Low Energy Neurofeedback System is a unique neurofeedback system. It uses a tiny electromagnetic signal that is sent to your patient’s brain that is contingent on its Dominant Frequency. This feedback promotes a rapid readjustment in the brain. LENS is administered for a very short period of time (seconds or a minute), while the patient simply remains seated, usually with closed eyes.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? LENS is a specific system. Check the price and conditions.
Keep reading the rest of this article to know the other 5 types of neurofeedback.
To know more about how to choose the neurofeedback device that fits with you, reads the post What neurofeedback device should I buy?.
Learn more about LENS Neurofeedback by reading the questions and answers that other therapists have already made.
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