Neurofeedback Types (Part Two)
(Continued) Find out the 5 other types of neurofeedback that complete the list of options you can find today in the market to help your patients.
#6 SCP Neurofeedback SCP
Slow Cortical Potentials are polarization changes in the EEG at very low frequencies, usually between 0.3 Hz and 1.5 Hz (DC). For you to compare, traditional neurofeedback focuses on the range between 2Hz and 20Hz. A negative SCP change is associated to cortical activation, and a positive SCP change with inhibition states. In SCP Neurofeedback, one electrode is placed on CZ, and two more behind the ears. Ocular artifacts must be monitored. In each session, your patient has to stay focused on very basic routines (up / down) on a screen for a long time.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? Most traditional neurofeedback devices admit SCP sensors. You have to buy them separately.
#7 HEG Neurofeedback
HemoEncephaloGraphy systems give feedback to the influence exerted by the patient on cerebral blood flow. It is believed that they reflect the degree of cortical activation. Your patient would place an elastic band over his forehead where an infrared sensor detects changes in blood flow. Some series of cases have been published in migraine and some cases in depression and ADD / ADHD.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? There are specific HEG equipments, although some traditional Neurofeedback systems allows to attach a HEG sensor that is purchased separately.
#8 ILF Neurofeedback
This method is an approach to neurofeedback that experiments with each patient to find an “optimal reinforcement frequency”. Typically, reinforcement frequencies are selected between 0.3 Hz and 0.0001 Hz. It is believed that reinforcing the Infra Low Frequencies would adjust the level of activation or arousal of your patient. Critics doubt that you can really measure and give feedback to those low frequencies. The methodology, on the other hand, is very similar to traditional Neurofeedback.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? This is an independent system. You must acquire all the components: amplifier, sensors, training course, computer, monitors, games.
#9 fMRI Neurofeedback fMRI
Functional Magnetic Resonance is a sophisticated neuroimaging method that measures changes in brain blood oxygenation levels. Scientific studies have demonstrated the capacity for self-regulation of brain processes using fMRI Neurofeedback. Some studies suggest efficacy in stroke, pain, tinnitus and psychological disorders, but obviously the extremely high cost of this technique makes it unattainable for independent professionals.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? ahem … a magnetic resonator. This technology is only available in university hospitals and research centers.
Neuroptimal is a different system that provides a “dynamic” feedback to what its manufacturer calls inconsistencies or abrupt changes in brain electrical activity. The feedback is facilitated to the patient through brief skips or pauses in the music he is listening to.
What do you need to apply this type of neurofeedback? You must buy the complete system: training course, amplifier, software, computer, extra monitor
Did you loose the first part? Discover the other 5 types of neurofeedback.
To know more about how to choose the neurofeedback device that fits with you, reads the post What neurofeedback device should I buy?.
Learn more about LENS Neurofeedback by reading the questions and answers that other therapists have already made.
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